As we explain in the Preface of our book, the WisCom Framework has evolved over the past sixteen years, with one iteration of the framework being replaced by another. Our efforts to design with and test WisCom have been a truly collaborative and international experience with designers who were implementing WisCom designs in Brazil, Mexico, Sri Lanka, the United States, and Venezuela.
Our design collaborators have contributed many perceptive insights to revise the WisCom framework. WisCom is a student-generated, student-tested, student-revised design model. Accordingly, it caters to student needs in a variety of contexts. Listed below are presentations and publications that reflect the evolution of WisCom.
Gunawardena, C. N., Frechette, C., Layne, L. (2018 August). Designing for cultural inclusivity: Building online wisdom communities. Pre-conference workshop conducted at the 34th Annual Distance Teaching and Learning Conference, Madison, Wisconsin.
Gunawardena, C. N., Layne, L. C., & Frechette, C. (September, 2012). Designing Wise Communities that Engage in Creative Problem Solving: An Analysis of an Online Design Model. Paper presented at the 62nd Annual Conference of the International Council of Educational Media. University of Nicosia, Cyprus.
Gunawardena, C. N., & Layne, L. C. (2011, October) Building a knowledge-Based society through Online Wisdom Communities: An Instructional Design Model. Paper presented at the 24th International Council of Distance Education (ICDE) World Conference on Open and Distance Learning, Bali, Indonesia.
Gunawardena, C. N., Ortegano-Layne, L., Jennings, B., Frechette, C., Carabajal, K., Lindemann, K., Mummert, J. (2004, April). Developing an online wisdom community: Evaluation of a transformational design model. Research paper presented at the 2004 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, California.
Publications (Journal Articles, Book Chapters, & Conference Proceedings):
Frechette, C., Gunawardena, C. N., & Layne, L. (2016). How to design culturally inclusive online learning experiences (Yiwei Peng trans.). Journal of Distance Education in China, 12, 5-14. DOI 10.13541/j.cnki.chinade.20161216.001
Frechette, C. Layne, L. C., Gunawardena, C. N. (2014). Accounting for culture in instructional design. In I.Jung, & C. N. Gunawardena (Eds.), Culture and Online Learning: Global Perspectives and Research (pp. 54-66). Sterling, VA:Stylus.
Gunawardena, C. N., Layne, L. C., & Frechette, C. (2012). Designing wise communities that engage in creative problem solving: An analysis of an online design model. In Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Conference of the International Council of Educational Media (pp. 369-379). Also available at http://icem2012.cardet.org/index.php/conference-presentations-videos
Gunawardena, C. N., Ortegano-Layne, L., Carabajal, K., Frechette, C., Lindemann, K., Jennings, B. (2006). New model, new strategies: Instructional design for building online wisdom communities. Distance Education, 27(2), 217–232.
Gunawardena, C. N., Jennings, B., Ortegano-Layne, L., Frechette, C., Carabajal, K., Lindemann, K., & Mummert, J. (2004).Building an online wisdom community: A transformational design model. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 15(2), 40-62.